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Story of a Great Barrister

It all began, when I was concentrating on the doctrine of separation of power which Miss Shaista taught us with such enthusiasm to us which made me wonder how well connected is politics with law! Which is labeled as executive and judiciary respectively in our law books and thus despite of thinking only this new principle in terms of institution only, I wondered how the same law and politics relationship had resulted a former member of Lincolns Inn into a distinguished barrister and an eminent politician of his time , who was titled with Quaid-e-Azam .

The story starts with the birth of eldest son of Mahomedali Jinnahbhai in Wazir mansion on 25DECEMBER 1875. This perhaps, because of the blessed coincidence as the birth of Jesus was on this date is celebrated who performed miracle of bringing dead to life.  However Jinnah was revived the spirit of Muslim minority nation in India to secure their future rights via separate homeland but before his entrance into politics only few knows about his successful legal background which started when in 1892.He was offered an apprenticeship at London office of Graham shipping due to his remarkable intelligence.  His  father also wanted him to see him a prosperous merchant like him and at the same time in London Jinnah was offered to adopt the profession of acting in Shakespeare dramas but both these options were judged as secondary by this young man of age seventeen instead he opted to study Bar on advice of his friend Karim. And finally this was the fresh start of an energetic and ambitious man who joined Lincolns Inn on 5 june 1893 and at age of nineteen he became the youngest Indian  to be called to the Bar in England. During those days those days when he attended the lectures conducted by Council of legal education his free time was spent at Westminster and watched debates at House of Commons from Public gallery .Lincolns Inn was his alma matter and Westminster was basically the informal sessions of politics which made him to develop intrest in democracy and made him fond of liberalism which resulted in his admiration for William Gladstone and John Morley. His stay in London has made him to face a huge loss in his family business for which he unfortunately had to look for alternative minor job to afford his expenses. And after succeeding in the entrance test to Bar he made Lincolns Inn his priority because it had Holy Prophets name on top as the world’s best law giver. Jinnah on 25 April 1893 had then sent application for dispensation from test in Latin as it was very difficult for him to pass Bar exams due to being a native of India he was never taught this language before , which was accepted  and he was permitted to be the part of Lincolns Inn library which recognized to be the  most prestigious library amongst all other Inns.

Although during his study of Bar he faced trauma of death of his beloved mother and first wife Emibai but man of such determination faced all these obstacles with courage. After the completion of Bar returned back to his home land and started his legal practice in Karachi which was a small place to begin and for  three years he was unable to find a single  case. He began his career with that of his own father firm and he moved to Bombay , finally he  earned fame from  Caucus case which made him friends with famous politicians  of India at that time, including  Feroz Shah  and Sir Dunshaw Petit who later offered him to become  a district magistrate. Due to his fairness and impartiality in decision making Jinnah s great caliber was now being recognized by people .This made him the most expensive lawyer to be hired as his skills to handle the case with full dedication and strict practice of traditions he adopted from Lincolns Inn with unique ethics made him most disciplined Barrister although such strict enforcement of Bar ethics was not even required at  that time in India.   His reputation as skilled lawyer prompted  Indian Bar Gangadhar Tilak to hire him as defence counsel for his session house in 1905 . In 1906 his entrance to politics was started when he joined Congress and was the first to become imperial legislature and Jinnah was successful here  in passing of Child Marriages Act and in 1913 eventually joined Muslim League but due to political frustration and death of his wife Ruttie he returned back to legal practice in UK from 1929 till 1936 and joined Inner Temple , however on demand of Liquat Ali Khan  he returned back to active politics and his legal career  for sake of oppressed Muslim nation in India  who was in desperate need for separate identity via a separate state, which was made possible in 1947 and this illustrates how significantly his legal knowledge had flourished him as a constitutionalist and statesman.

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I am Zoha Irfan, currently I am a student of LLB of university of London external program at Szabist. I have completed my O levels from Beacon house school and graduated recently from Nixor College(A levels). Writing blogs, articles , reading  historic and political books and working for NGOs is all what makes my life enjoyable which helps me to discover about strengths of my Pakistan, which is usually neglected by people that we are privileged to be a part of an independent state, where people are of hospitable nature and with distinguished intelligentsia. I believe that only youth of Pakistan can contribute towards a significant change that we all need to prosper.

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